Small size of the plate, easy adaptability, easy placement, and use of intraoral approach led to increased use of mono-cortical plates in maxillofacial surgery. Considering the above, this study was carried out to compare the conventional 2-mm miniplates and 3-D miniplates in terms of treatment outcome, stability, duration of surgery, and complications of treatment of mandible fractures. Footnotes Source of Support: In our study, not a single patient treated by 3-D plate developed infection or plate failure, which is not in accordance with Zix et al. Aligning, moving and re-aligning a specific 3D object inside a 3D object group are performed, through proximity hovering. Preoperative photograph of patient with right parasymphysis fracture between right lateral incisior and canine showing anterior and left-posterior open bite. Eight patients had bilateral mandible fracture and 12 had unilateral fracture.
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Eight patients had bilateral mandible fracture and 12 had unilateral fracture. Review of biomechanical experimental studies on different plating techniques of mandibular condyle fractures. This male dominance was also reported by Haug et al.
Conventional mm miniplates versus 3-D plates in mandibular fractures
Table 4 Comparsion of complication between group I and group II. Mobile terminal and 3D image controlling method thereof. To compare bipinn evaluate the treatment outcome and postoperative complications in mandibular fractures using 2- and 3-dimensional miniplates. This theory coincides with the study of Alkan et al.
The strasbourg miniplate osteosynthesis. Group II was treated using 2-dimensional 2-D 2-mm miniplates. Rigid internal fixation of fractures of lower jaw.
Conventional 2.0 mm miniplates versus 3-D plates in mandibular fractures
Vitality testing of the injured tooth was done. The results of this study suggested that the treatment of mandibular fractures symphysis, parasymphysis, and angle with 3-dimensional plates provided 3-dimensional stability and carried low morbidity and infection rates. Disclosed are a mobile terminal for controlling a 3D image using proximity touch, and a 3D image controlling method thereof.
Table 3 Distribution of fracture site, favorability of fracture bipij, methods of fixation of fracture site. Incidence, etiology, treatment, and complications. Postoperative OPG shows reduction and fixation biipin right parasymphysis fracture with 2.
And, depth of the 3D object is automatically controlled by the various operations. Vitallium Luhr systems for reconstructive surgery of the facial skeleton. No incidence of plate failure was reported in Group I patients, which coincides with the report by Guimond et al. Rigid internal fixation of fracture in angular region of mandible: According to Andrew bipun al.
Quadrangle geometry of plate assures a 3-D stability of fracture sites as it offers good resistance against torque forces, thereby avoiding the need for inter-maxillary fixation, ensuring early restoration of mandibular function, and reduced rate of infection at fracture site postoperatively.
Concept of semi-rigid fixation: The operating time required for the placement of 3-D plates in the angle region was min extra as compared to intraoral placement of single conventional 2-D miniplate. Out of 28 patients in our study, 18 were male This complication was treated by removal of implant, 3s under higher antibiotic coverage. A multi-functional display device and a method for displaying an electronic programming guide EPG in the same gipin disclosed herein.
This is in accordance with the study by Bormann bipln al [ 7 3s [ Table 1 ]. The multi-functional display device may include a display for displaying broadcast programs or data, a network interface configured to receive event information associated with a social network service SNS account for an individual or entity, a storage device configured to store at least one channel number and at least one SNS account information assigned to the at least one channel number, and a controller for controlling the multi-functional display device.
Preoperative OPG show right parasymphysis fracture between right lateral incisior and canine with fracture line runs downward and backward. Group 1 was treated with open reduction and internal fixation using 3-dimensional 3-D miniplates.
Compression plates rigidly fixed the fractured bone segments sufficiently to prevent inter-fragmentary movement and provide healing by primary intention.
Sadhwani and Sonal Anchlia. Among patients in Group II, 3r 1 patient, there was intraoral exposure of plate and intraoral pus discharge at left lower-third molar region.
Difficulty in adaptation, bulk of the plates, scar formation due to extraoral approach, and increased chances of nerve injury were their disadvantages.