Handbook of the birds of India and Pakistan 2nd ed. You are commenting using your Google account. The dry semi-desert regions where it was found in parts of Rajasthan has been altered by irrigation canals that have transformed the region into an intensively farmed area. Lesser florican , S. The apparent aim is to protect the birds for future hunting.
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On the basis of this recovery plan, BNHS has advised Rajasthan on certain steps for GIB recovery, such as planting GIB friendly crops, working with communities on protecting lekking and breeding sites, and stemming birx. Among bustards, this species is smaller only than the Kori bustard and the great bustard in size.
In the past they were heavily hunted for their meat and for godavvan and, today, poaching of the species may continue. These helped wildlife when the trees were short but after their extensive growth they made the adjoining grassland less favourable for bustards.
Even today people hunt for Godavan. In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikispecies. In the s the scrub forest was replaced with Eucalyptus plantations.
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Miller Orton and Mulligan. The great Indian bustard is omnivorous. According to Secretary of TWSI, Harshwardhan, Godavan lives in grassy areas and after regular development in the state, many grassy areas got extinct. Hello, this is to bring in your attention that the above cited article has been lifted from http: They also use shotguns on houbaras and target Siberian cranes and almost any other living thing foolish enough to come in range.
Target 12 deals with stopping species extinction.
Rajasthan launches campaign to save Great Indian Bustard
Earlier, two days meeting was held at Delhi in November to discuss reasons of decrease in the numbers of Godavan. In some places, such as Rajasthanincreased irrigation by the Indira Gandhi canal has led to increased agriculture and the altered habitat has led to the disappearance of the species from these regions.
The body is brownish with a black patch spotted in white. GIB is an indicator species for grassland habitats and its gradual disappearance from such environments shows their deterioration.
Great Indian bustard
Retrieved 7 June Absence of grassland Absence of grassland and healthy environment is the major reason behind the declined numbers of Godavan. The crown of the head is black and crested and is puffed up by displaying males.
The study suggested a population reduction or near extinction estimated aboutyears ago. The hunters often deploy a trained falcon to swoop in on a houbara and slam it to the ground, the victim reduced to a violent flapping of wings and feathers torn loose from its flesh. The short answer is that they have money. The houbaras, as well as the cranes, are nominally protected under the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species, and the hunters all come from countries that are signatories to that convention.
Bombay Natural History Society.
William Henry Sykes notes that they were common in the Deccan region where a “gentleman” had shot a thousand birds. India has already banned the houbara hunt. European Journal of Wildlife Research.
The male is deep sandy buff coloured and during the breeding season has a black breast band. According to myth, though not supported by any scientific studies, the meat of houbara bustards has aphrodisiac qualities. Your session has expired, please login again. In cultivated areas, they feed on crops such as exposed groundnut, millets and pods of legumes. Handbook of the birds of India and Pakistan 2nd ed. They preserve the memory in videos like this.
Rajasthan starting a landscape-approach Project GIB is a welcome step. But it takes a lot of houbaras: